Research Things to check before buying stock Are you with mass or against mass? Shareholding pattern is fairly important thing to look at. Mainly three things: promoter, institutions (DII and FII) and retail holdings. Are MFs dumping stock? Is it amongst last stocks on any benchmark (like NSE, BSE 200) in terms of market cap? i.e. say according to market cap if this stock is somewhere at no. 195 in BSE-200 list, then you are taking significant risk for buying this company. If this stock gets out of index then there will be significant selling by index funds. Order book and Earning Estimates. Industry outlook and Peer competition. Is it hard to create business model or hard for new players to enter. Secured loans and unsecured loans in balance sheet. Be cautious when you see high "other income" in profit/loss statement. Technical analysis: Is it technically correct level to invest? What is Fundamental Analysis? The main goal of fundamental analysis is to find out intrinsic value of stock, means primary assumption for fundamental analysis is that the price on the stock market does not reflect the true value of stock (share). In a nutshell, focus of fundamental analysis is to determine true value of stock by focusing on various factors like growth, companys actual business, companys financial strength and its future prospects. Fundamental analysis mainly in three parts: Financial stability ratios Performance indicators Valuation parameters Broadly fundamental analysis should be performed at least for past 3 years (more you go, better it is). What is Technical Analysis? A method of evaluating securities by analyzing statistics generated by market activity, such as past prices and volume. Technical analysts do not attempt to measure a security's intrinsic value, but instead use charts and other tools to identify patterns that can suggest future activity. Technical analysts believe that the historical performance of stocks and markets are indications of future performance.